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Guide to Basketball Court Lighting Design

Guide to Basketball Court Lighting Design

There are basketball courts in schools, neighborhoods, and parks. What is the basketball court's lighting layout? Our basketball courts are equipped with high-pole LED floodlights that are appropriate for outdoor basketball courts in backyards, high schools, universities, and parks.

Halogen and metal halide lights have been illuminating basketball courts for decades. Traditional outdoor basketball lighting is both costly and energy intensive. In addition, this kind of conventional illumination is not durable.

LEDs are a superior alternative to metal halogen, halogen, and fluorescent lighting. LED basketball court lighting is more efficient. Converting to LED lighting is a wise decision. This is because stadiums and courts demand high brightness and electricity. With LED lights, the court can be readily illuminated; the lights will be dispersed uniformly to all corners, making it simple to grab the attention of spectators and players. This makes playing basketball both inside and outside enjoyable and easy. In addition, it is more durable than conventional lighting systems.

Let's investigate how LEDs may be used to light basketball courts and hoops at night.

Basketball is played on both indoor and outdoor courts. As basketball is mostly played inside, lighting plays a crucial part in the sport. For instance, the court is poorly illuminated, making it difficult for players and spectators to see the ball and what is occurring. Sports participation will become difficult. The game might result in a brawl. To prevent this from occurring, it is advised that the pitch be well illuminated.

To achieve adequate illumination, we must pay close attention to the basketball court's lighting design. In this post, we provide a lighting design guide to assist you in making the correct decisions.

1. Design of Outdoor Commercial Basketball Court Illumination

Each type of court has different requirements for installing LED lighting on a basketball court. Whether you have a professional, residential, recreational, or commercial basketball court, make sure the lighting design meets all standards.

We focus on the lighting design of the outdoor commercial basketball court. Take a look!

1.1 Protection against surges and IP Rating

The first thing in basketball court lighting is surge protection and IP rating. Surge protection is a key factor in LED lights, as a sudden increase in power can damage the LEDs or cause them to fail.

Imagine your LED light fixture being damaged by a power surge. Not only will it affect the game being played, but it will also damage your reputation. Therefore, it is recommended to buy LED lights with surge protection.

In addition, the basketball lighting guide states that all LED basketball court lighting must have an IP rating. This is necessary as lighting will be installed on the outside. To ensure it lasts a long time and can withstand all types of weather conditions, it must be IP65.

1.2 Lux Level

One of the elements you must consider is the LED lighting's lux level. According to basketball lighting standards, non-televised events need 200 lux. The usual size of a basketball court is about 4,700 square feet.

Therefore, 200 x 437 = 87,400 lumens will be required to illuminate the outside basketball court for recreational or backyard gatherings. If you want a quote, please contact our specialists at MKLIGHTS.

1.3 Illumination Standard

Lighting design for television events differs from non-television events. If professional or televised basketball games will be played on your basketball court, you must guarantee that it is designed for transmission.

According to the norm, the brightness of your stadium must be 2,000 lux. Additionally, you must consider the ratio between the highest and lowest lux. Not exceeding 0.5 The second factor you must consider is the CRI lighting's color moderation. CRI must be 90, and the color temperature must fall between 5500K and 6000K.

1.4 Flicker-Free

Under the camera, the majority of basketball court illumination has a low-quality strobe. The cameras utilized in the modern world are quick. You must invest in high-quality lighting to guarantee that the lights give the proper illumination for the broadcast. LED illumination that allows at least 6000 FPS video recording is suggested. The scintillation rate must be less than 0.3%. Because high-speed cameras cannot detect it.

1.5 Anti-glare

Anti-glare should also be considered while constructing basketball court lights. Everyone knows that excessive glare is annoying to both athletes and spectators. This makes the athletes uncomfortable and impairs their vision. It results in the bad performance of the players.

2. Design of Indoor Basketball Court Illumination

Indoor basketball court illumination differs differently from outside basketball court illumination. The absence of glare is one of the most critical conditions. Because indoor stadium floors are reflective, excessive glare is an issue for players and spectators. Therefore, indirect illumination is advised. If the ceiling lights are directed upward, the court will be better lighted by reflected light. Remember that you will need to install more LED bulb wattage to compensate for the light that the ceiling has absorbed.

In addition, you must verify that lux levels, color temperature, color rendering index, etc. conform to lighting specifications.

Guide to Basketball Court Lighting Design

3. What is the cost of basketball court lighting?

LED basketball court lighting is expensive, but it will prove cost-effective over time. Here is an estimate of the cost of lighting a basketball court.

According to the norm, a broadcast or professional event requires 2,000 lux. Therefore, you will need 7,000 watts of LED sports lighting. The cost to operate the LED light for one hour is as follows:

7000 watts x $0.12/1000 = $0.84

If you leave the lights on for eight hours every day, the cost is:

$0.84 x 8 = $6.72

The monthly total cost of the LED lights was $200. Since halogen lights are 10 times more energy efficient than LEDs (70,000W halogen lamps are needed), electricity costs will be 10 times higher.

4. Top Reasons to Choose LED Lights for Basketball Courts

Purchasing an LED light for the basketball court is a smart decision. This is because LED sports court lighting offers strong, high-quality light. It will equally light the whole court. Another fantastic incentive to use LED sports lights is that they are simple to install. This removes the need for wiring.

There are several reasons to use LED lighting. Here are further justifications for putting LED lighting on a basketball court.

4.1 LED Basketball court light is energy-saving

LED lights are energy-efficient, using less power. This is because of their superior chips. LED basketball court lighting is 150 lumens per watt energy efficient. This is twice as expensive as metal halide lighting. If you replace a 1000-watt metal halide light, your energy expenses will be reduced by around 50 percent. As a result of using less energy, the light output will not be lowered.

4.2 LED Basketball court light is a longer lifetime

The appropriate indoor basketball court floodlights may save operational and maintenance expenses. This is because LED basketball court lights may be replaced less often. Installing your present metal halide will result in a very limited lifespan. In addition, after a few months to a year of usage, the brightness will diminish noticeably. LEDs have a lifespan of 80,000 hours, or 30 years if utilized for 6 to 7 hours every day. Metal halides last around five times less than LEDs and ten times less than halogens. LED lighting will save you both money and time.

4.3 LED Basketball court light has an exceptional Heat Sink System

The LED lights on the basketball court might be harmed by the buildup of heat inside the bulb. Consequently, effective thermal management may enhance the performance of indoor and outdoor basketball court lights (such as higher brightness and longevity). This demonstrates that our LED basketball court lighting is constructed with thick aluminum fins with air openings. They provide a vast surface area for heat transmission. For indoor basketball court lighting, the efficient heat sink is principally responsible for the LED basketball court light's extended lifespan and increased luminosity. This is because the cumulative high temperatures hasten lumen depreciation. Such advanced designs are uncommon among HID and halogen lights.

MKLIGHTS provides a variety of heat sink systems for increasing the durability and luminosity of LED sports lights if you are in the market for a superior heat sink system.

4.4 LED Basketball court lights are excellent at rendering color (CRI)

CRI is a measurement of how well a light source can reproduce an object's true color in comparison to a natural light source. It ranges from 0 and 100. A high CRI is the desired quality. However, this is dependent on the application in question. LEDs often have extremely high (excellent) CRI scores (70+, 80+, 90+).

Perhaps the most effective approach to comprehending CRI is to compare LED lighting (which has a high CRI) with classic lighting options such as sodium vapor lamps (which typically have poor CRI ratings and, in some cases, are almost monochromatic).

4.5 LED Basketball court lights are dimmable

LEDs function at almost 100 percent of their rated power (from 0 to 100). LED technology needs specialized hardware. This implies that dimming devices cannot be used with incandescent bulbs or conventional lighting solutions. LEDs that operate at a lower power level may be more efficient. This extends the lamp's lifespan. These benefits are not achievable with technologies like metal halide, which consumes less energy and may often be muted.

4.6 LED Basketball court light can 1:1 Replacement

Another advantage of LED lighting is that it is simple to replace your current bulbs with them. The LED lights will give more lighting and brightness. Additionally, LED lighting will require less energy than conventional lighting.

Guide to Basketball Court Lighting Design

4.7 LED Basketball court lights have a different wattage range

The broad range of wattage offered by LED sports lighting is a significant advantage. The wattage of MKLIGHTS stadium lights ranges from 20W to 2200W. Choose the LED light that best meets your requirements in terms of brightness. Regardless of the wattage of the LED light you choose, it will use less energy due to its energy-efficient design.

5. Height, Size, and Layout of outdoor or indoor Basketball Court Lights

5.1 Basketball Court Lighting Pole Height

The following rules apply to basketball courts:

1)The basketball court is a barrier-free rectangle.

2)A normal sports field is 28 meters long and 15 meters wide.

3) The ceiling or lowest obstruction should be at least 7 meters tall.

4) With a line width of 0.05m, all lines on the court must be extremely distinct.

According to the third requirement, the height of the ceiling of the lowest obstruction must be at least 7 meters.

Then, according to this rule, we may apply it to an outdoor basketball court, resulting in a minimum height of 7 meters for the light pole.

5.2 Lights arrangement of outdoor basketball court lighting

According to various illuminance standards, there are professional and cost-effective basketball court lighting solutions for outdoor basketball court lighting installation.

As a professional basketball court light pole, we should choose a T-shaped basic construction rather than the outrigger structure often utilized for street light poles.

For example, the dimensions of an outdoor basketball court are 30 x 17 meters or 32 x 19 meters.

5.2.1 Professional solution for outdoor basketball court lighting

Guide to Basketball Court Lighting Design

On the long sides of the court, we may put three T-shaped light poles with a height of 6-8 meters, for a total of six light poles.

For the position of the light poles, one is located on the center line of the stadium, and the other two are placed at a vertical distance of 4.5 meters to 5 meters from the end line (short side) of the stadium, avoiding the light poles on the four corners or end lines of the stadium because they will easily cause glare and player's visual impairment.

5.2.2 Economical solution for outdoor basketball court lighting

Guide to Basketball Court Lighting Design

On both sides of the court, four 6-to-8-meter-tall light poles may be positioned symmetrically 5 to 6 meters out from the end line. The light poles should be situated two meters from the edge of the roadway. If there are spectators too near to the stadium, the athletes may be injured during the intense competition. If the distance is too great, there is a chance that the illumination on the playing field will not be sufficient.

5.2.3 Why choose a wide beam angle for outdoor LED basketball court lighting?

Guide to Basketball Court Lighting Design

The angle of the light beam is also crucial to the illumination of basketball courts. The width of a basketball court, including the spacing zone, may not exceed 19 meters. Therefore, we should use LED floodlights with beam angles between 90 and 120 degrees. Although the narrower beam angle is advantageous for increasing the light's projection distance, it restricts the illuminating area. Therefore, led floodlights with a wider beam angle should be placed on both sides.

5.2.4 LED basketball court lighting wattage

Guide to Basketball Court Lighting Design

This is a high-quality high-efficiency floodlight, which uses a tool-less buckle design, is easy for maintenance, and more than 10 types of light distributions for optional, Including both symmetric and asymmetric spectra, can be wall-mounted, ground-mounted, ceiling-mounted, high pole-mounted, IP66 waterproof level makes it is suitable for indoor and outdoor flood lights.

Guide to Basketball Court Lighting Design

Both solutions use one light pole that comes with two LED, that is, a total of 12 basketball court lights (power: 200W)  is required for professional basketball courts, and a total of 8 -12 basketball court lights (power: 200W/300W) are required for economic basketball courts.

5.2.5 The requirement for outdoor light pole

Basketball court lighting fixtures should have a larger light pole diameter than street lighting fixtures, taking into account the load-bearing capability and wind resistance of the light pole. The light pole for the basketball court should have a 70mm top diameter, a 160–165mm lower diameter, and a 3.0mm wall thickness.

5.3 Lights arrangement of Indoor Basketball Court Lighting

Depending on the stadium's level, an indoor standard basketball court should have a certain number of lights. based on the relevant guidelines for the stadium lighting design. The three levels of illumination are as follows:

300lx Entertainment training
500lxOrdinary competitions
750lxProfessional competitions

The number of lights and wattage increase with increasing illumination levels.

5.3.1 Indoor basketball court lighting layout

The layout of the ceiling: The lighting fixture is symmetrically positioned on the ceiling, and the light beam will illuminate the basketball court vertically, making it perfect for training halls, competition arenas, and fitness centers.

Guide to Basketball Court Lighting Design

The layout on both sides: The basketball court lights are positioned with an asymmetrical light distribution on both sides of the field. The angle between the vertical and the shooting direction of the light, when put on both sides, should be less than 65°.

A mixed layout is a design that combines a two-sided plan with a ceiling layout. To accomplish the consistent light distribution and enhance horizontal and vertical lighting, a range of light fixtures with ceiling and two sides should be used.

5.3.2 Indoor basketball court lighting example

Most of the gymnasiums use the ceiling layout, below for your reference.

Overall stadium size: 34 meters in length, 21 meters in width, and 10 meters in height.

Stadium: 28 meters Length,15 meters width (standard size)

Guide to Basketball Court Lighting Design

Guide to Basketball Court Lighting Design

Guide to Basketball Court Lighting Design

This solution includes 24 pieces of 200W stadium LED lights that are 9 meters high, 4X6 in layout, with an average length and breadth of 6 and 4 lights, respectively. In order to meet competition criteria, professional lighting software was employed to approximate an average stadium illumination of 552lx.

Note: The wattage of light depends on a variety of factors, including the design of the indoor basketball court, the size of the court, the height of the ceiling, and other factors. The wattage shown above is merely for reference.

Guide to Basketball Court Lighting Design

This UFO LED warehouse light uses an ultra-thin light emitting surface, a hollow design, and a casting aluminum housing for a more effective and quick dissipation. It uses SMD2835 led chips, which have an efficiency of up to 190 lm/w and allow for up to an 85% reduction in power costs.

White Light 6000K and Natural White 4000K high bay lights with a 120° beam angle are available in 100W, 150W, and 200W options, respectively. Low failure rates of strobe lights Waterproofing may be up to IP65 level.

Guide to Basketball Court Lighting Design

6. Conclusion

Investing in LED lighting for the basketball court is thus a good approach to illuminate the area. This is not only economical but also environmentally friendly. LEDs must be placed in accordance with the basketball court's standard lighting design to offer consistent and brilliant illumination. Another advantage of LED lighting is that it is simple to replace your current bulbs. LED lights give increased lighting and brilliance. Contact MKLIGHTS if you are seeking high-quality LED basketball stadium lights or for more information.

7. Related Products

Guide to Basketball Court Lighting Design

Guide to Basketball Court Lighting Design

Guide to Basketball Court Lighting Design

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Guide to Basketball Court Lighting Design

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Guide to Basketball Court Lighting Design

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Guide to Basketball Court Lighting Design

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9. People also ask

HID or LED floodlights for outdoor basketball courts?

Which kind of lighting—LED floodlights or metal halide lights—is more effective for basketball courts? how do you choose them?

For a basketball court, use metal halide lights (HID).

Metal halide lighting has long been a favorite for illuminating outdoor basketball courts. Due to their great brightness, strong luminous efficiency, and ease of maintenance, they are often used in outdoor billboards, stations, docks, industrial settings, sports, and other areas.

The lighting needs of a conventional outdoor basketball court (32 by 19 meters) may be satisfied by 4–6 metal halide lights, each of which is roughly 400W.


Long-range illumination

strong and piercing

evenly distributed lighting


The strength is considerable.

high level of energy use

reduced lifespan

LED floodlight for basketball court

As a result of its low power consumption, energy efficiency, compact size, lightweight, and great luminous efficacy, LED floodlights are gaining popularity for outdoor sports illumination. It is also the current society's encouragement of reduced carbon emissions, and the softer light is more pleasing to the eye. LED floodlights have lesser light intensity and inadequate penetrating power compared to HID lights.


low electrical usage

Small size

Low in weight

Superior luminance efficiency


Light intensity that is less intense

Inadequate penetrating force

How to choose?

LED floodlights are the best option for outdoor basketball court illumination owing to their low energy consumption and extended lifetime.

However, varied outdoor basketball court dimensions, light pole heights, and surrounding environs permit both HID and LED lighting solutions.

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